Dental Extraction is a removal of a tooth from the mouth. It is performed for a wide variety of reasons:
● Tooth decay – If the decay is severely advanced, and the nerves and blood vessels in the tooth have been infected, and are unsuitable for root canal treatment
● Impacted wisdom teeth – Sometimes our mouths are simply not big enough to accommodate these teeth. The teeth become impacted (stuck), which can cause infection and pain.
● Orthodontics (braces) – Teeth can erupt in many different positions. If this happens you may have to have teeth extracted, so that your other teeth can be brought into line.
● Periodontal disease – A bacterial infection that can lead to a loose tooth
● Teeth that have been damaged by trauma
● Certain medical conditions may require teeth to be extracted
Your dentist will examine your tooth and explain the reasons why your tooth needs to be extracted. An x-ray will be taken to help plan the best way to remove the tooth, and to see if an abscess is present.
If an abscess is present, your dentist will give you a course of antibiotics before your tooth is extracted.
Your dentist will also ask you about your medical history. You must list every medication you are taking, even if you have purchased it over the counter, as some medications can complicate an extraction.
The carrying out of the extraction
There are two types of extractions:
1. Simple extractions:
This extraction is performed when the tooth can be seen easily in the mouth. Your tooth and surrounding area will be made numb by a local anaesthetic, before your tooth is extracted. The dentist will then grasp the tooth using a pair of forceps. You will feel pressure but NO pain. The dentist will move the forceps back and forth to loosen the tooth in order to extract the tooth.
2. Surgical Extractions:
This type of extraction is carried out on teeth which are:
○ Present below the gum, but cannot be seen in the mouth
○ Partially showing through the gum
○ Broken off at gum level
Again, a local anaesthetic will be given, before a small incision is made in the gum. The gum is pulled back to expose the whole of the tooth or the root. The dentist then uses the same procedure as a simple extraction to remove the tooth. In some cases, the tooth or root may have to be cut into pieces in order to be removed.
Please see our Post Operative Instructions page, for more information on what you should do after a tooth extraction. The extraction is designed not to be painful during the procedure, so if you are concerned about any aspect involved in the procedure, please do not hesitate to contact us.